Webpage created: September 14, 2019
Webpage updated: September 14, 2019
R C UGLOW AND SONS / UGLOW'S BAKERIES LIMITED
Messrs R C Uglow & Sons, bakers, were located at 63/64 Cambridge Street, Plymouth, both before and after the Second World War.
In the Company's adverts they always stated that the business was founded in 1830. The earliest reference to a Uglow as a baker in the locality is in Pigot and Company's "Directory of Devonshire 1830-31", where Mr Richard Uglow, baker, is listed as living at 44 Cornwall Street, Devonport.
That presumably referred to Mr Richard Cory Uglow. He came from Week Saint Mary, in Cornwall, where he was born on March 28th 1785. On April 16th 1812 he married Miss Thomasin Grigg at Jacobstowe. They had a son whom they christened William Uglow at Whitstone, Cornwall, on September 15th 1816.
Mr Richard Cory Uglow, baker and confectioner, of Plymouth.
According to Thomas's Plymouth Directory of 1836 it was William Uglow who first set up shop as a baker in Plymouth, in Cambridge Street. A Miss Uglow was also listed as a milliner and dress maker.
The first useful census, that of 1841, gives a better idea of the family. Surprisingly, Mr William Uglow was listed as the head of the family, with his father and mother coming next. Both were bakers. Also living with them at number 63 Cambridge Street were Mr John Roder, a journeyman; Mr Tobias Griss, a 17-years-old apprentice; and, lastly, 3-years-old Master Edward Uglow.
In Pigot's 1844 Directory both Richard and William appear as bakers, at 84 and 63 Cambridge Street, Plymouth, respectively.
Mr William Uglow married Miss Ophelia Trick at Plymouth's Saint Andrew's Church on Tuesday July 27th 1847.
With William now married, father and son went their separate ways. At the time of the 1851 census, father Mr Richard Cory Uglow and his wife, Thomasin, both in their sixties, were living at number 37 Cambridge Street. He was listed as a grocer, not a baker. William was now a Master Baker employing two men and he was still living at number 63 Cambridge Street with his wife, Ophelia, daughter Ophelia and son Richard Cory. Two of William's staff were also living over the shop, 20-years-old baker, Mr Frederick Fry, and 16-years-old errand boy, William Holloway.
Young Richard Cory Uglow, the second to carry that name, was in fact born on Monday December 30th 1850. As well as his older sister, Ophelia, he was later joined by William G Uglow, Mary P Uglow, and Fanny Uglow, by the time of the census in 1861.
His father, Mr William Uglow, died on Thursday June 13th 1872 and 22-years-old Richard Cory Uglow thus inherited the bakery.
The following year Mr Richard Cory Uglow married Miss Laura Peele, the only daughter of the eminent artist, Mr J T Peele. The wedding took place in Wandsworth, London. His cousin, Mr Henry French Ridgman Cory Uglow, was a baker and confectioner at 50 Allen Road, Hornsey. The family appear to have stayed in London as their first three children, Ellen, John and Alice, were all born in Islington and they all died in infancy. So who was looking after the bakery in Plymouth? Was it still operating?
They must have moved back to Plymouth by 1878, as their next child, Ethel Laura Uglow, was born in that year within Saint Andrew’s parish, as were all the remaining children. By the time of the 1881 census, the family is back at 63 Cambridge Street. Their eldest child, 2-year-old Ethel Laura, is with them. Richard is employing four men and a boy. A cousin, Annie Jessop, aged 35 and unmarried, was the baker’s assistant. There was also a general domestic servant. Richard and Laura had another three sons and one other daughter but only Harold Peele Uglow and Frank Ernest Uglow survived into adulthood.
It seems that Richard caused quite a stir in the Town in 1881/82 when he stood to represent the Frankfort Ward on the Council. He was ill at the time so made no preliminary address, did no personal canvassing and provided no cabs for the voters but his campaigning for better food for children and old people no doubt helped him to get elected just the same. He also served as a member of the Court of Guardians.
By 1897 Richard had taken over the baker’s shop of Miss Mary Venn at 50 Union Street, East Stonehouse, which he ran in addition to the ‘model machine bakery’ making ‘hygienic breads’ recommended by Doctor Allinson, at 63 and 64 Cambridge Street, Plymouth. It was said at the time that the premises were established in 1830 and rebuilt in 1892 ‘on the most Modern and Scientific principles’.
Mr Harold Peele Uglow married a Miss Maud Stanbury at All Saints’ Church on Tuesday August 9th 1910.
Mr Richard Cory Uglow died on Monday December 1st 1913 at the age of 62. The business was carried on by his son, Mr Harold Uglow, who moved it to 7 Oxford Place. He was survived by his widow, brother, Mr William Henry Uglow, and the two sons. He was buried at the Plymouth Cemetery on Thursday December 4th 1913.
In 1934-35, the main premises were still at 63 and 64 Cambridge Street and they also had a shop at 6 Market Avenue. The telephone number was Plymouth 60103. There was also Uglow’s Café at 18 Lockyer Street, telephone 5845. They produced “Century Bread”, a white loaf, and U. B. Brown. Both were wrapped and sealed.
Mrs Laura Uglow died on Monday March 18th 1940 at the age of 91.
The business opened a new bakery and offices in Newport Street, East Stonehouse, sometime between 1947 and 1953.
Mr Harold Peele Uglow died on Tuesday July 21st 1959 at Erin House, 8A Woodside, Plymouth. He was 77 years of age. He was cremated at Efford Crematorium on Friday July 24th 1959.
Following his death the business was taken over by Messrs Hill, Palmer and Edwards Limited, of Exeter.
The business was still operating in Newport Street the early 1970s but the circumstances surrounding the demise of Messrs Uglow's Bakeries Limited are not recorded.